and The Pennsylvania State University have joined
forces for D.A.R.E.’s delivery of
Detailed information about “kiR” can
be found on the SAMHSA National Registry of
Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP) web
developed by Pennsylvania State University (PSU) and
the Arizona State University (ASU) with funding
provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Implementation of the D.A.R.E.-“kiR”
curriculum will commence following introduction of
the program during the D.A.R.E. International
Training Conference, July 2009.
The D.A.R.E.- “kiR” curriculum represents
over 20 years of research by the Drug Resistance
Strategies Project about why our youth use drugs.
Out of this research a school-based substance abuse
prevention program, “kiR”, was developed
collaboratively by PSU and ASU.
Grounded in cultural norms and values, the program
provides youth the skills to live drug-free lives
confidently, drawing on their strengths and the
strengths of their families and communities.
Within “kiR”, the acronym REAL
is its central message, providing students with
skills to employ in refusing offers to use drugs and
engage in other high-risk behaviors --
Refuse, Explain, Avoid, and Leave.
These strategies help youth stay away from drugs by
preparing them to act decisively, confidently and
comfortably in a difficult situation.
The curriculum teaches students how to say no by
presenting practical drug resistance strategies that
are easy for them to remember and use. Students
also learn how to recognize risk, value their
perceptions and feelings, and make choices that
support their values.
"kiR” an innovative, culturally-grounded,
multicultural curriculum was developed to allow
students to recognize themselves in the prevention
message. The objective of the “kiR”
curriculum is to reduce substance abuse by teaching
students and allowing them to practice risk
assessment, decision making, as well as valuable
communication and life skills.
The “kiR” curriculum is organized as a
10-week, 10 lesson program. Each lesson requires
one 40 - 45 minutes class period and is designed to
promote interaction between students and officers.
Fun activities are included to involve students in
their learning and allow them to exercise "REAL"
The program’s key learning tool is a series of
videos involving high school youth and based on
students’ real stories. The videos demonstrate how
students have used "REAL" strategies to resist drugs
in real life situations.
“kiR” was established during a rigorous
scientific evaluation of program implementation in
35 middle schools in Phoenix, Arizona. Over 6,700
students participated in the evaluation, the results
of which document that "kiR” reduces
alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco use, teaches
anti-drug norms and changes attitudes and
Based on the
effectiveness of the program D.A.R.E America is
partnering with PSU and “kiR” to bring the
curriculum to students in classrooms throughout the
nation and around the world.